Hallux Valgus also known as 'bunion'
Hallux valgus , or bunion, refers to the deviation of the big toe towards the other toes. The end of the 1st metatarsal is moving aside and is becoming prominent: the internal exostosis (the bunion) is forming. This deformity affects 5 to 10% of the population and can be very disabling.
Who is more specifically affected by this deformity?
Studies conducted on this foot condition have shown that there is:
- a congenital predisposition (in 1/3 of the cases): the deformity and the bunion appear before the age of 15;
- a predisposition depending on the gender: women are 9 times more affected than men;
- a predisposition in Egyptian foot where the first toe is longer than the other and it tends to move towards the 2nd toe;
- a predisposition in people who wear narrow and pointy shoes. A study conducted in Africa confirms that wearing shoes do lead to the formation of a hallux valgus .
How does hallux valgus evolve?
At first, the pain occurs when putting on the shoes or after a walk: it’s a simple inflammation combined with a bursitis (fluid-filled sac) that can turn septic. The foot deformity keeps evolving with really painful episodes punctuated by slack periods. Consequences can be felt on all the foot area:
- Metatarsalgia: the deviation of the big toe leads to a modification of supports: the big toe doesn’t play its support role anymore and the charge is transferred to the second and third metatarsus.
- Toes turn into claw toes to increase the grip.
- Corns appear between the toes that are overlapping or on the back of the claw toes
However, hallux valgus is a deformity than cannot disappear over time.
What are the solutions to relieve pains related to a hallux valgus ?
Above all, it is essential to wear suited shoes to avoid too much pressures and frictions on the bunion: that means no pointy and narrow shoes.
If the pains are recurrent or constant, the bunion protector* is a noticeable solution.
Hallux valgus is often associated with plantar pains (calluses under the 2nd and 3rd metatarsus), the protection cushions* are then the suitable device.
All these products provide undeniable relief but on the other hand, they are not designed to correct hallux valgus .
If these pains are really unbearable and the deformities are too significant, surgical procedure must be considered.
What solutions to correct the deformity of the hallux valgus ?
- During the day, the daily wearing of the bunion straightener with EPITHELIUM FLEX®* has been designed to correct and limit the progression of hallux valgus while soothing joint pains.
- Thanks to its thin and flexible patented design which incorporates the EPITHELIUM FLEX®, the corrective bunion support can be worn in all closed footwear. Unlike rigid bunion splints, it has an effect while walking on factors that may aggravate the deformity.
- Contraindications: the bunion brace
must not be used if the great toe does not move laterally.
- The external patented EPITHELIUM FLEX® tendon realigns the great toe. The level of correction is adjustable by exerting a more or less intense tension on the tendon .
- The external patented EPITHELIUM FLEX® tendon is dedicated to absorb the pressure put on the bunion and so to soothe the pains.
- The EPITHELIUM™ spot creates a comfortable counter-support stop with the shoes and allows to push back the 1st metatarsal.
- The extra-thin metatarsal compression strap aims to limit the squeezing and expansion of the forefoot.
- During the night, wearing the rigid bunion protector* will soothe the nocturnal joint pains and protect the bunion from contact with sheets, mattress…
*These products are class I medical devices that bear the CE marking under this regulation. Carefully read the instructions before use. Manufacturer: Millet Innovation. 03/2020