Beyond beauty cares, the foot health should be given particular attention. Since we’re walking on average 5000 to 7000 steps per day, a foot pain can indeed quickly become debilitating.
Being subject to many pains that are more or less well known, feet are essential to us. Whether the pain is on or under the foot, there are so much pathologies of mechanical and/or inflammatory nature that it would be difficult to name them all in this text.
However, according to a Glasgow Caledonian University Alumni Foot Health Survey conducted in 2018, 74% of the surveyed population were suffering from plantar pain in the 6 previous months. To go in details, 42.5% of the participants were suffering from calluses , 17% from fungal, 31,5% from nail problems and 12.6% from a bent big toe, i.e. hallux valgus .
The different types of pains
Our feet are exposed to all sorts of pathologies. The pains can be bone pains (fractures), articular pains (arthritis or osteoarthritis ), ligament pains (sprains), tendinous pains (tendinopathy ), nervous pains (Morton’s Neuroma for example). However, they can also be caused by circulation problems (oedema and swelling), by skin problems (intertrigo , callus, corn, wart , blister) or by nail-related problems (mycosis , ingrown toenail, thickened and blue nails from strain injuries).
The implicated areas
The experienced pains are making different parts of the foot more sensitive. Several areas can be concerned:
- Pains on top of the foot can be related to a direct trauma for example;
- Pains under the foot can be caused by a heel spur (talalgia), a plantar fascia, metatarsalgias…
- Pains on the front of the foot will occur with nails or toe distortions (hammer toes);
- Pains at the back of the foot could be caused by an Achilles tendinopathy or the Sever’s disease in teenagers.
The early warning signs
Some signs, very different depending on the pathology , are a warning about the appearance of foot pains.
Most of the time, the patient is warned by:
- A discomfort or pain before, during or after some activities;
- A swelling of the aching area;
- A redness or an irritation of the skin;
- Pain when at rest;
- Foot stiffness.
The different causes
Foot pains can be:
- An innate deformity such as a flat foot or a hollow foot;
- An acquired deformity such as hammer toes, hallux valgus, or convex triangular forefoot (hallux valgus and quintus varus );
- A neurological and/or blood circulation disorder;
- Due to a favourable environment to develop infections (mycosis and onychomycosis , plantar wart caused by the HPV );
- Due to footwear that are too tight or too large, which cause walking disorders and/or overpressure on some areas (too high heels can cause pain under the forefoot, too flat and loose shoes are often the cause of pain under the foot arch…).
- A postural deformity such as a valgus or varus foot.
Besides these deformities (predisposing factors), a too intensive sporting activity or a repetitive movement (stamping) can cause these foot pains. Footwear is also very important.
Please note: it’s not because one foot deformity that pain will necessarily appears!
Thus, to answer the various pathologies and disorders affecting the feet, EPITACT® hasdeveloped a wide range of protections and light orthosis*, responding to your needs and aiming to relieve painful feet. Discover the EPITACT® products and find the pleasure of walking again.
*These products are a class I medical devices that bear the CE marking under this regulation. Read carefully the instructions before use. Manufacturer: Millet Innovation. 04/2020
Foot pain and foot health in an educated population of adults: results from the Glasgow Caledonian University Alumni Foot Health Survey. Hendry GJ, , Woodburn J, Steultjens M, J Foot Ankle Res.2018 Aug 17;11:48. doi: 10.1186/s13047-018-0290-1. eCollection 2018.