Hallux valgus is a deformity of the big toe joint, commonly known as a 'bunion'. The big toe pushes against its neighbour, and may even overlap it. The foot then develops a bony growth which may have no more severe an effect than an unpleasant appearance, but which can also cause unbearable, debilitating pain.
This deformity of the forefoot can have a variety of causes: it can be hereditary, can be the result of an inflammatory condition, or appear due to regularly wearing unsuitable shoes (pointed toes, narrow, with high heels). This places the foot under a lot of stress, eventually leading to hallux valgus. 90% of cases of hallux valgus affect women.
Hallux valgus often involves pain and a rash on the bunion at the base of the big toe. Indeed, shoes that are too tight can cause excessive pressure and rubbing against the bunion. If the feet are often subject to stress by the shoe, then the bunion can also develop calluses. In cases where the big toe is pushed inwards at a more severe angle, it can even overlap the next toe.
Surgery is the only way to relieve hallux valgus.
FALSE!Surgery is certainly an option, but it shouldn’t be your first choice when trying to relieve the pain caused by bunions. In order to avoid the pain caused by rubbing against shoes, your first priority should be to wear footwear that matches the shape of your feet and, if necessary, wear a protector. And of course, to limit stiffening of the joint
and slow progression of the deformity, a few daily foot mobility exercises and wearing day/night orthotics come highly recommended.