Who is affected by carpal tunnel syndrome?



People concerned by carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the compression of the carpal tunnel , located inside the wrist, which passes the median nerve. It enables fingers sensitivity (thumb, index finger, middle finger and ring finger). If the nerve is compressed, prehension becomes difficult. A feeling of numbness or tingling tends to appear. From simple discomfort to intense pain or sudden loss of gripping strength, carpal tunnel syndrome can be very disabling.

For this reason, it sounds natural to wonder about who are the people affected by this condition. Are some occupations more concerned? Are men and women equally concerned by carpal tunnel syndrome ?

 

Some figures

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a frequent disorder. It is the main cause of nerve compression in humans. In the United Kingdom, carpal tunnel syndrome affects between 7 and 16% of the population(1). Women are more concerned by CTS than men.

Carpal tunnel syndrome would affect between 3 and 6% of the general population(2). People from 40 to 60 years of age are more concerned by carpal tunnel syndrome (1).

CTS is one of the most frequent musculoskeletal disorder of the upper extremities.

 

People at risk

Development of CTS is favoured by different factors.

People with a narrow carpal tunnel are more exposed to this condition. Having a narrow carpal tunnel can be congenital or caused by a trauma .

Other risk factors aid the development of carpal tunnel syndrome . Among them, let’s name inflammatory diseases like arthritis , metabolic diseases such as diabetes and endocrine diseases causing overweight or hypothyroidism.

Even if pregnancy is not a disease per se, it can be a period that facilitates the onset of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome .

CTS in pregnant women could be related to fluid retention that increases the volume of wrists and would contribute to nerve compression. Hormonal changes could also favour the onset of this condition.

We often search for one single cause to carpal tunnel syndrome , but in reality, there is a combination of factors that are difficult to identify.

 

Occupations at risk

Repetitive movements increase the risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome . Overused, tendons can suffer from inflammation responsible for acute pain.

CTS is the second condition admitted as an occupational disease. People with manual occupations are more affected by this syndrome, like occupations that are well known to favour musculoskeletal disorders . They include:

• large retailers and more specifically cashiers are prone to bearing loads, sometimes heavy, and they do repetitive movements;

• maintenance and cleaning jobs like laundry workers;

• butchers and slaughterers for whom work conditions in refrigerated environment increase the risks;

• food service and hospitality industry that involves daily inappropriate movements;

• automobile industry that includes many manual jobs;

• construction industry, which often entail outdoor work, associates force and vibrations;

• occupations requiring intense use of keyboard and computer mouse.

 

Because changing of activity might be complicated, some actions can be taken to ease pain.

First, EPITACT® suggests you to alternate the wear of two braces specially dedicated to carpal tunnel syndrome . The first one is the flexible CARP’ACTIV™ brace* for day use intended to secure the wrist during activities. How? By limiting harmful excessive hand and wrist movements and placing the wrist in a neutral position. The second one is the rigid CARP’IMMO™ brace* for night use that aims to immobilise the wrist while limiting pressure on it. It is used at night or at rest to ease and decrease pain.

EPITACT® gives you some tips to prevent the onset of this syndrome and natural solutions to relieve pain.

People affected by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

*These products are class I medical devices that bear the CE marking under this regulation. Carefully read the instructions before use. Manufacturer: MILLET Innovation. 11/2021

 

For more details about this general and simplified approach, here is another source:

(1)Genova A, Dix O, Saefan A, Thakur M, Hassan A. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Review of Literature. Cureus. 12(3):e7333.

(2)Eisenbud L, Ejadi S, Mar N. Development of carpal tunnel syndrome in association with checkpoint inhibitors. J Oncol Pharm Pract. avr 2021;27(3):764‑5.

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