Hammer toe (or claw toe ) is often associated with women, and younger and younger, which represent the majority of the concerned population. That’s why the shoes are often condemned.
But this condition is not only the result of wearing narrow high heel shoes. If the first cause is this, people who have high arch feet are also concerned. This means that heredity is a vector of risk.
Which mechanisms are brought into play?
The foot deformities with hammer toes (or claw toes) are the result of a muscle imbalance and a bad distribution of pressure on the foot.
Indeed, wearing high heels transfers the body weight from the heel to the forefoot. Under too much pressure, the metatarsophalangeal joint stretches. This weight transfer causes the first phalange to go up whereas the first inter-phalangeal is flexing. This is what is causing a toe deformity.
Mostly two types of deformities affect toes
The claw toe deformity
Very frequent, the claw deformity causes a significant support of the tip of the toes on the ground. This deformity happens mostly on the four little toes. Hyper-pressures of the shoe also restrain the inter-phalangeal joints.
The results are plantar pains and the appearance of corns on top of the joints, called dorsal corns, and at the tip of the toes (distal corns).
The hammer toe deformity
In the hammer toe case, the metatarsophalangeal joint is hyper-extended and goes up toward the top of the shoe whereas the first inter-phalangeal joint is flexing, forcing the forefoot toward the bottom of the shoe.
These deformities cause joint pains, the appearance of corns on top of the joints (dorsal corns) as well as on the tip of the toes (distal corns) but also calluses under the forefoot. Between-the-toe corns can also appear.
Solutions to soothe the pain
To avoid the claw toe
or hammer toe
deformity, it’s recommended to not wear more than 4 centimeters heels. But if your toes are already bent, the priority is now to protect them.
To help stretching them out and avoid that they stay in claw position, you can use the hammer toe cushions*.
If corns make you suffer, choose:
- The DIGITUBES®* if the corn is on top of the toe (dorsal corn ). These tubes of silicone protections are to cut to the desire length to protect the sensitive area. The DIGITUBES® are so thin that they can even be worn in heels. Seamless and weldless, the rubbing areas are reduced to a minimum.
- In order to protect the corn located at the tip of the toe (distal corn ), choose the Digitop*. EPITACT® has developed these tubes made of silicone and really soft fabric to distribute the pressures and to limit external aggression. Thanks to this really soft material, the lifespan of the Digitop* is extended with an optimal comfort.
*These products are class I medical devices that bear the CE marking under this regulation. Carefully read the instructions before use. Manufacturer: Millet Innovation. 04/2020